CIIS Center for Writing and Scholarship
The Center for Writing
and Scholarship (MyCIIS login required) assists CIIS students, staff, and faculty in developing
the skills necessary for effective reading, writing, literacy, and communication through our programming,
presentations, publications, and pedagogy seminars about writing, research, and the teaching of these
Academic style often includes the techniques of summarizing
a research article, and critiquing or evaluating other writings. It can use a more scientific
style or voice. These guides from the Psychology Writing Center
at the University of Washington may help.
Is an Academic Paper?
This guide from Dartmouth, although written for undergraduates, covers
many valid graduate level topics such as constructing an informed
argument, finding a rhetorical stance, and using appropriate tone
Research Essays in North American Academic Institutions: A Guide for
Students of All Nations
This work from ACTS Seminaries is directed toward students who may
not have been brought up with the American approach to academic writing.
Understanding & Evaluating
Evaluating the information you read is a critically important skill.
Before you give too much weight to something you read, take a good look
at where it is coming from.
to Evaluate the Information Sources You Find
This guide from Cornell University addresses all types of information
sources, including books, journals, and web sites.
Scholarly Journals from Other Periodicals
Academic writing usually emphasize scholarly articles, and articles
in reviewed journals. This resource will help you limit your research
to the scholarly literature.
Information Found on the Internet
Johns Hopkins' libraries developed this guide specifically for evaluating
information found online.
of Style (Strunk & White)
This classic reference book (pubished 1918) is a basic reference for
writers. It gives in brief space the principal requirements of plain
English style and concentrates attention on the rules of usage and
principles of composition most commonly violated.
Thesis Statements -
Creating a Thesis Statement
From the OWL at Purdue gives a short tip sheet on the creation of thesis statements with examples.
Developing Your Thesis
From the Dartmouth Writing Program gives a more in depth explanation of how to refine the thesis statement.
to Make an Outline
Often academic writing proceeds from an outline. This University of
Washington guide describes how to do it.
Online Writing Lab (OWL)
Purdue University's online writing guide, covering many topics.
for the Creative Process
Just because a paper is academic in style doesn't mean that it's not
a product of the creative process. In this piece, Paul Plesk describes
many different ways to think about creativity as it applies to writing.
The distinction between incorporating others' ideas and plagiarism
is not always clear. When in doubt, cite!
and Its Consequences
Avoiding Plagiarism: Practical Strategies
Excellent guides from Duke University. Includes plagiarism identification
and avoidance strategies for every stage of the research-writing process.
Of particular interest is the section on taking notes while reading
in "Avoiding Plagiarism".
Plagiarism and Student Writing
A shorter guide from the University of Washington defining plagiarism
and ways to avoid it.
The Literature Review
Literature Review: A Few Tips…
From the University of Toronto, this gives a good overview of
what is a literature review, plus lists of questions to ask.
This guide from the Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
breaks the literature review down into its component parts: introduction,
body, and conclusion.
is a Literature Review?
This guide from the Gary Library at the Union Institute & University is aimed at literature reviews
a Psychology Literature Review
Literature reviews in psychology are somewhat different from other
fields; this guide from the Psychology Writing Center at the University
of Washington details how.
to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography
Explains what annotated bibliographies are and how to write them.
From Cornell University Libraries.
From the Writing Center at University of Wisconsin-Madison. Addresses
format, content, and writing style for annotated bibliographies.
Anthropology Association Style Guide
AAA uses The Chicago Manual of Style
(15th edition, 2003) and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate
Dictionary (11th edition, 2006). This guide is an outline of
style rules basic to AAA journal editing. Downloadable guide (no
need to sign in) is in PDF format.
Style Citations and References
From the Psychology Writing Center at the University of Washington,
this Acrobat document gives the general rules for APA-style citations,
and lists several examples of how to cite journal articles, books
and book chapters (both as in-text citations and as the reference
University Libraries' Guide to Citing Sources
This resource provides examples of various citations for APA, Chicago,
MLA and Turabian styles.
UC Berkeley's Guide
This resource provides descriptions & examples of APA, MLA and Chicago's styles.
Citing Electronic Resources
Style.Org: Electronic References (PDF)
Web site contains excerpts from the 5th edition of the Publication
Manual (© 2001). The material provided covers commonly asked questions
regarding how to cite electronic media.
MLA citation Formats for Online Resources
Downloadable PDF from The City College of San Francisco based on the MLA 6th Edition.
Sheets for Citing Internet and Electronic Resources
From UC Berkeley’s Teaching Library, this guide covers APA,
MLA, Chicago, and Turabian styles for Web pages, email messages, newsgroup
Crossref.org DOI Resolver
Use this resolver by pasting references into the search box to find their DOIs,
or search to find other citation information such as author, title, ISSN and much more.
Practical Steps in Evaluating Internet Resources
It can be tough to determine the author or source for a Web
page – this guide from Johns Hopkins University shows how to find
these elements to properly cite an Internet resource.
Covers APA, MLA, Chicago and AAA styles