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Archaeomythology Research Guide

Archive of Symbols, Sites, and Images/Re-Genesis |Theory/Theorists | Paleolithic/Neolithic | Northern Africa | Anatolia | Crete/Aegean | Mesopotamia/Babylon | Classical Greece/Rome | Hebrew | Christian | Medieval | Asian Studies | Mesoamerica | Myth/Mythology | Miscellaneous | Journals

Archetypal Archive of Symbols, Sites, and Images

Archive of Research in Archetypal Symbolism (ARAS)
This is an encyclopedic collection of 17,000 alchemical images and corresponding study sheets that draw on East-West traditions from 50,000 BCE to 2,000 CE .  Selected subjects of special interest for the CIIS community include: psychology, anthropology, archaeology, expressive arts, drama therapy, somatics, archaeomythology, mythology, theology, thealogy, spirituality, religion, philosophy, ecology, and cosmology. Off-campus use requires last name and CIIS ID number.

Re-Genesis Encyclopedia

Re-Genesis Encyclopedia
This is a resource that has been in process since 1980, starting with 12 years of research in the Near East, North Africa and Europe. Given extensive study over the past 28 years, this index now documents and archives the existence and influence of feminist spirituality across disciplines, cultures, and historical periods from 3,000,000 BCE to the new millennium, 2000 CE . As an annotated chronology of the spiritual mother-line from the Hominid ancestry supported by a profusion of photographic images from sacred sites and museums around the world,
Re-Genesis Encyclopedia is the first feminist spirituality database of its kind.

This endeavor is designed as a trans-cultural-and-historical multimedia project for an on-line database that includes thousands of cross-referenced links. Until these links and all other technical aspects of this multimedia project are completed, a Beta version will be available as a PDF file. Also until the images from the GSA (Goddess Sites and Artifacts) slide collection are integrated, suggest using the Archive of Research in Archetypal Symbolism (ARAS) that is also located in the Archaeomythology Research Guide.

For access, go to CIIS Library home page> Find Articles + > down to > Archaeomythology Research Guide under Find Articles > Archetypal Archive of Symbols, Sites, and Images. Although access to ARAS requires user name and password, the Re-Genesis Encyclopedia is freely available to and for all. From the very start, widespread availability was always the dream.

For further information, please contact askref [at] ciis [dot] edu. Enjoy. Eahr Joan

Re-Genesis History

Re-Genesis Index

Re-Genesis Citations

     Alphabetical Listing of Citations

     In Text Key to Citations

Re-Genesis Selected Entries


     3,000,000 Overview of Hominid Evolution
    Including Dark Mothers Plus Later Migrations

     31,000 Chauvet Cave and Vulva Engravings

     30,000 Labyrinth, Spirals, and Meanders

     2,400 Lilith and Eve

     2,000 Asherah


     Third Century Women Priests and St. Paul

     530-587 Saint Radegund and Education Overview

     1412-1431 Joan of Arc

Archaeomythology Theory & Theorists

Marija Gimbutas: Belili Productions
Marija Gimbutas information including: Resources, Legacy and Controversy, and Chronology.

Marija Gimbutas Collection
Sponsored by Pacifica Graduate Institute, this Web page includes a bibliography of her works and information about an archival special collection.

Asphodel P. Long
The website of Asphodel P. Long, feminist thealogian, Goddess activist, and grandmother of the Goddess Movement in Great Britain, includes numerous full text articles that are unique to this resource. The subjects include: Goddess Writings, Feminist Thealogy/Theology, Gender Politics, and Women's Spirituality, as well as Poems, and Reviews. All works are also available in Chronological Order.

OriginsNet website, created by James Harrod for the Center for Research on the Origins of Art and Religion, spotlights images and texts that explore the prehistoric origin of art-making, religion, symbol, language, mind, and psyche. Archaeological records of Paleolithic art ('palaeoart') beginning with 3,000,000 years of hominid evolution are evidenced and discussed in the fields of archaeology, paleontology, anthropology, linguistics, semiotics, art history, history of religions, mythology, psychology and neurobiology. This resource includes over 30 galleries and 500 plus images of Paleolithic art; the four eras of the Paleolithic-four diasporas out of Africa including key sites and technologies; a Clearinghouse; Image Bulletin Board; Site News; and a Forum for identifying and interpreting examples of palaeoart and protolanguage. The Publications and Studies page includes research writings in both PDF and MS Word formats.

This unique resource by James Harrod, associate of the archaeologist Marija Gimbutas, expands the current ancient history timeframe, promotes international communication and collaboration among origin researchers, and succinctly illustrates the value and need of the cross-disciplinary study, "archaeomythology".


Europe: Old Europe: MythingLinks
Although the initial links are all in process, see the Central and Eastern Europe Portal that includes links to: Pan-Slavic and Russian traditions, the Balkans, plus Other Slavic Lands. Following is the Western Europe's Portal link to Ancient Greece and Rome, as well as Celtic, Icelandic, Nordic, and Teutonic Traditions. Additionally, see Kathleen Jenks tribute to Marija Gimbutas.

Oriental Institute Museum
In addition to the photographic archives and virtual tours of the Oriental Galleries at the Chicago Museum, one can also explore Ancient Middle Eastern highlights that include the history, art, and archaeology. For easy access, collections are indexed by region, as well as subject.

Northern Africa

Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptian history, from ca. 3,000 BCE to the closing of the last Egyptian temple in 535/537 CE. Top online resource for Egyptology by the Encylopaedia Britannica that includes a timeline through three millennia, a keyword index, and a significant links page.

Life in Ancient Egypt
Developed by the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, this site explores aspects of life in ancient Egypt by way of text and a chronology. The focus is the natural world, deities, religion, funerary practices, and everyday living and customs.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt
Featuring 600 original articles written by leading scholars, goes far beyond the records of archaeology to make available what we know about the full social, political, religious, cultural and artistic legacy of this 5,000-year civilization. The Encyclopedia offers the most complete picture available of ancient Egyptian civilization, from the predynastic era to its eclipse in the seventh century CE. Here is the Egyptian world in illuminating, accessible detail: art, architecture, religion, language, literature, trade, politics, everyday social life and the culture of the court. Of special interest is the coverage of themes and issues that are particularly controversial—such as the new theories of the origins of complex society in the Nile Valley, new discoveries about Greco-Roman Egypt, and new developments in literature, religion, linguistics and other fields, including the debates about Egypt's African legacy.


Çatalhöyük: Excavations Of A Neolithic Anatolian Höyük
Includes on-going excavations, research materials, newsletters, Çatalhöyük discussion group,archives, general information, travel, and further reading.

TAY: Archaeological Settlements of Turkey
The purpose of the TAY Project is to build a chronological inventory of findings about the cultural heritage of Turkey. This site includes a comprehensive documentation of all archaeological settlements of Turkey, including mounds, monuments, tumuli, and cemeteries.


Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean
Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean is an exceptional site in a league of its own. It is a project of the Dartmouth Experimental Visualization Laboratory that includes an extensive bibliography, sophisticated navigation tools, and numerous images although often thumbnail. Through a series of 29 chronologically arranged lessons, it traces the cultural evolution of the Aegean basin from the Paleolithic-Mesolithic to Minoan Crete and on to the collapse of Mycenaean Greece. Introductory options include: chronology and terminology. Highly recommended.

Perseus Digital Library
Developed at Tufts University, an excellent Ancient and Classical studies source that now also includes the Renaissance. It's Digital Library on Ancient Greece and External Links to External Sites are exceptional. Connects to both primary and secondary Greek sources. The photographic archive has over 13,000 items, that includes an extensive collection of sites, vases, sculptures, and coins.


Abzu: Guide to Resources for the Study of the Ancient Near East and the Ancient Mediterranean world
From the Electronic Tools and Ancient Near East Archives, Abzu contains a directory of publications, projects, and related electronic resources, a meta index of the "Ancient World Web," of dictionary of terms and translated texts, plus photo archives, some of which are for sale. Ancient Near and Middle East civilizations include Egypt, Sudan, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Judea, Lebanon, Cyprus, Syria, Turkey, Anatolia, Kurdistan, Assyria, Babylonia, Mesopotamia, Iraq, Iran, Persia, Armenia, the Indus Valley, Persian Gulf, and Saudi Arabia.

Classical Greece/Rome

Diotima: Women and Gender in the Ancient World
In the "Symposium," Plato states that Socrates learned of Eros from a woman named Diotima. The focus of the Diotima Web site is the study of the patterns of gender around the ancient Mediterranean. It provides a forum for collaboration among instructors. In addition to information on Diotima, Eros, and Socrates, etc., this sites also includes course materials, full syllabi, bibliography, databases, full-text articles, images, and numerous links to on-line peer-reviewed book reviews and essays.

Rome: Republic to Empire
Find brief information on a wide range of topics about Rome's history, culture, and civilization, including slavery, government, clothing, social classes, baths, and gladiator games. Images are also provided. Also includes additional internet resources and related text.

Roman Emperors (De Imperatoribus Romanis)
In addition to rulers of ancient Rome, also find Roman coins and maps including a topographical map of selected areas of Europe from 1 to 1300 CE.


Old Testament Studies
This resource includes Old Testament studies, keyword search options, translations, archaeological resources, plus additional discussions relating to other texts and inscriptions . There are also reciprocal links to : history resources, early Jewish writings, and historical maps.

The Unbound Bible
This site is a phenomenal resource that includes simple, advanced, and parallel searches in both numerous languages as well as worldwide biblical texts. Not only is the Unbound Bible one of the few free websites of this magnitude, but it also enables the researcher to personalize, customize, and save searches. Highly recommended.


New Testament Gateway
The New Testament Gateway is a comprehensive directory of academic Internet resources related to the New Testament. Presently it is divided into 27 separate topics, including: Greek New Testament, Non-Canonical Christian Texts, Bible Translations and Editions, Textual Criticism, Biblical/Philosophical Theology and Archaeology plus the recently added Women and Gender page.

Christian Catacombs of Rome
In addition to a history of the Roman catacombs, this site also includes information on Christian symbols and antiquities.


Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index
Covers journal articles, book reviews, and essays in books about women, sexuality, and gender during the Middle Ages. The time period is from 450 CE to 1500 CE. The primary geographical area includes Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. Publications from 1995 forward are included, and retrospective indexing is ongoing. This site is quite straight forward and can be searched by: author, title, subject, source, article type, geographic area, and time period, but not by keyword.

The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies
Sponsored by Georgetown University, the easy to use menu includes access to numerous libraries databases, bibliographies, manuscripts, suggested journals and reviews, national cultures, archaeology, plus professional information and organizations.

Unfortunately, not all links are active, but we will continue to list until such time a replacement can be found. Also note that Egyptian resources do not appear to be included.

Medieval Page
This web site outdistances all other medieval sites to date. It offers a stunning selection of Western Medieval, Late Antiquity, and Byzantine resources. Prized topics include: Medieval Sites; Societies; List serves; Conferences; Online Journals; History; Literature; Music; Art; and Architecture. More focused subject areas are: Witchcraft; Gender; Anglo-Saxon; Celtic; and Iberia. The Women in Medieval History and Religion is especially recommended for research in the areas of: Medieval Women Writers; Hagiography; The Beguines; Hildegard of Bingen; Christine de Pizan, and Joan of Arc. Web pages for Medieval Courses are also included. All highly recommended.

Monattic Matrix: A Scholarly Resources for the Study of Women's Religious Communities from 400-1600 CE
Organized by an international group of scholars of medieval history, religion, history of art, and archaeology. The focus is on Christian women in the religion and society of medieval Europe from 400-1600 CE. Special focus is on Monastics both individuals as well as those in communities, including the Beguinages. This site is hosted by Yale University's Divinity School.

Asian Studies

BAS: Bibliography of Asian Studies (EBSCO)
Bibliography of Asian Studies™ (BAS) contains nearly 900,000 records on all subjects (especially in the humanities and the social sciences) pertaining to East, Southeast, and South Asia published worldwide from 1971 to the present. The most important 100+ periodicals in Asian Studies or on Asia as identified by the BAS staff are indexed as soon as they are published for immediate inclusion in BAS. Selected Asia-related citations from many other journals are also included when applicable. In addition, various special projects have contributed substantial numbers of additional records to the database (among them journals on Southeast Asia dating as far back as 1779). BAS also includes citations to Western-language chapters in edited volumes, conference proceedings, anthologies, Festschriften, and more.


Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures (Oxford)
Is the first comprehensive reference source to chronicle Pre-Hispanic, colonial, and modern Mesoamerica, defined as the lands stretching from Mexico to the southern tip of Central America. With more than 600 articles, it is invaluable for those interested in the rich heritage of this land. Encompassing the great civilizations of the pre-Columbian era (including the Olmec, Aztec, and Maya peoples) up through the colonial and postcolonial periods, the Encyclopedia covers art, archaeology, religious studies, anthropology, history, and historiography of the region in fully cross-referenced, signed articles by the leading scholars in the discipline.

Myth & Mythology

Encyclopedia Mythica
Mythology, folklore, mysticism, and more. Contains well over 4,000 definitions of gods and goddesses, supernatural beings and legendary creatures and monsters from all over the world. Selected myth and mythologies include: Chinese, Etruscan, Greek, Latvian, Native American, Norse, Persian, and Roman.


Archaeology and Ancient History Links
Sponsored by Monash University in Canada, this site provides: general and specific archaeological links both in the states and abroad, a wealth of museums and library resources , classical links, and online journals. Special interests include: the free academic journal called Internet Archaeology; email addresses of Egyptologists worldwide; and the Compass to the British Museum including images that can be purchased.

Collapse: Why Do Civilizations Fall?
This site examines the demise of four ancient civilizations, including: the Maya, early Mesopotamia, the Anasazi Chaco Canyon in the Southwestern United States, and the Mali and Songhai of Western Africa.

Gateway to Art History
This site includes chapters on art throughout the ages, beginning with the Paleolithic, or Old Stone Age. Chapters include: study guides, maps, timelines, extensive image resources, bibliographies, and Virtual Museum Tours. Selected subject areas: Prehistoric Art, Lascaux Caves, Mycenaean Art, Celtic Art, African and Asian Art. and Red Figure Athenian Pottery. In addition, there are hundreds of links to museums throughout the world. Suggested indexes for art history articles include: Art Index, Arts and Humanities Search, and Humanities Index. (Recipient of the best education-related site from the Education Index.)

Humanities International Complete (EBSCO)
Provides full text of journals, books and other published sources from around the world, including all data from Humanities International Index (indexing and abstracts for more than 2,200 journals and 3.2 million records) plus full text for more than 1,200 journals.

IPL: Internet Public Library
Pathfinders in selected subject areas include: American folklife, American traditions, art images, Celtic culture, countries, fairy tales, Greek mythology, Medieval European history, Jewish culture, sustainable development, research, Russian icons, and women's studies.

The Timeline of Art History is a chronological, geographical, and thematic exploration of the history of art from around the world, as illustrated especially by the Metropolitan Museum of Art's collection. The Museum's curatorial, conservation, and education staff—the largest team of art experts anywhere in the world—research and write the Timeline , which is an invaluable reference and research tool for students, educators, scholars, and anyone interested in the study of art history and related subjects. First launched in 2000, the Timeline now extends from prehistory to the present day. The Timeline will continue to expand in scope and depth, and also reflect the most up–to–date scholarship.

Selected Journals


available at SF Public Library, SFSU, UC Berkeley,+
Chicago House Bulletin
online 1994+
Feminist Theology
CIIS print 2004-2007; online 1997+
CIIS print 1989+; online 1994+
Journal of African Civilizations
available at Stanford, 1979-1991
Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion
CIIS print 1992+; online 10/1/2003+
Journal of Indo-European Studies
available at SFSU, UC Berkeley, USF, +
Journal of Irish Archaeology
not available in the Bay Area
Journal of Near Eastern Studies
available at San Francisco Public Library
CIIS print 1993+
Virtual Pomegranate: A New Journal of Developmental Neopagan Studies
online v.6, 1998 - v.17, 2001
Journal of Archaeomythology
online only, 2005-latest. Access provided to CIIS community members courtesy of Joan Marler and The Institute of Archaeomythology. Journal is now open access — scholars need only register at site to access.

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November 27, 2017